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Fentanyl Overview

Fentanyl is a narcotic (opioid) pain medicine. Fentanyl buccal is used to treat "breakthrough" cancer pain that is not controlled by other medicines. Fentanyl buccal is taken together with other non-fentanyl narcotic pain medicine that is used around the clock. This medication is not for treating pain that is not cancer-related, such as general headaches or back pain. Fentanyl may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Fentanyl Abuse Treatment

Fentanyl abuse treatment is available and highly effective. Do not try to stop taking fentanyl on your own after a lengthy period of abuse. Instead, work with a doctor or drug treatment center to gradually reduce your dependency on fentanyl. After you stop taking fentanyl, it may take some time before your body returns to the way it worked before you began abusing fentanyl. This includes medications and cognitive behavioral therapy, either in an inpatient or outpatient setting, and aftercare services if needed.

Fentanyl Signs of Abuse

It is not always easy to detect when someone is abusing opiate medications like Fentanyl; however, there are some physical signs, even if a person has developed a tolerance to the drug. If the pupils (the black center of the eye) are very small even in a dark room, like a pinpoint, is a useful sign. Fentanyl depresses the central nervous system, causing a loss of alertness. This can cause nodding, temporarily falling asleep even during conversations or while standing. Those who have abused Fentanyl for long periods of time may become tolerant to this effect. Emotional Fentanyl induces feelings of euphoria in most abusers. This can cause a person to appear either overly happy or indifferent, especially to difficult situations. The euphoria does not last long, changing to irritability until the next dose. Many abusers will feel guilt and the abuse can even lead to thoughts of suicide. Behavioral Those abusing Fentanyl are likely to show changes in daily behaviors. Drug-seeking behavior, including prescription tampering or doctor shopping (going to several doctors trying to gain prescriptions), is a sign of abuse. Other behavioral changes include loss of interest in normal daily activities, change in performance at work or school and withdrawal from friends and family.

Effects of Fentanyl Abuse

Abuse of Fentanyl poses a risk of overdose and death. This risk is increased with concurrent abuse of Fentanyl with alcohol and other substances. Due to the presence of talc as one of the excipients in tablets, parenteral abuse of crushed tablets can be expected to result in local tissuenecrosis, infection, pulmonary granulomas, and increased risk of endocarditis and valvular heart disease. In addition, parenteral drug abuse is commonly associated with transmission of infectious diseases such ashepatitis and HIV. Proper assessment of the patient, proper prescribing practices, periodic re-evaluation of therapy, and proper dispensing and storage are appropriate measures that help to limit abuse of opioid drugs.

Fentanyl Withdrawal Symptoms

Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking Fentanyl after prolonged use is a sign of addiction. Withdrawal symptoms are likely to occur within a few hours after the last dose. These symptoms can include an intense craving for more drugs, sweating, nausea, vomiting, runny nose, yawning, restlessness, weakness, cramps, diarrhea, chills, irritability, agitation, muscle pain and twitching. In the most severe cases of addiction, seizures can occur, so it is best to go through withdrawal while under medical supervision.

Fentanyl Abuse Statistics

A Fentanyl addiction can happen, no matter what age or situation. Here are some statistics about Fentanyl addiction:

  • Trafficking of illegally produced Fentanyl is increasing

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated over 1,000 individuals had died from Fentanyl overdose and misuse a few years back

  • In 2008, there were about 7.64 million prescriptions written for Fentanyl because of medical reasons

References
http://www.drugabuse.gov
http://www.fda.gov/Drugs
http://www.usa.gov/
http://www.justice.gov/dea/druginfo/factsheets.shtml
http://druginfo.nlm.nih.gov/drugportal/drugportal.jsp

Individualized detox protocols are carefully monitored and tailored to address detox symptoms. As part of our holistic approach, our detox incorporates traditional detox with biofeedback sessions.

Clients being treated in our residential program reside with us for the specific amount of days established in their individualized addiction treatment program.

Our treatment model is rooted in the belief that it is our utmost responsibility to do whatever we can to prepare our clients for life outside of treatment.

In addition to our traditional therapeutic treatments we offer holistic and alternative therapies such as: yoga, chiropractic care, medical massage, personal training and art therapy.